News Hits: Lawmakers pass on TIF reform this year


David Bieri, assistant professor of urban and regional planning at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor - U-M
  • U-M
  • David Bieri, assistant professor of urban and regional planning at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor

Over the last year, some members of the state legislature has scrutinized the use of a cryptic financing tool for economic development projects called tax-increment financing (TIF).

The way it works is like this: A city development agency, like a downtown development authority (DDA), creates a so-called TIF district. This allows the DDA to divert the increase in property taxes generated as a result in new investment — and then use it for development projects, such as the new $450 million Detroit Red Wings arena.

This raises a number of conflicting issues for some lawmakers: The taxes the DDA diverts would otherwise be used by cities, counties, school districts, libraries, and more.

In Detroit, for example, the city’s unelected DDA will capture over $1 billion in revenue over the next 30 years that otherwise could be spent on city services, like police and fire protection. Last year, the Detroit DDA diverted $11 million for economic use, of which $6 million came from Detroit’s general fund. That’s $6 million the city couldn’t put to use for public services.

It’s not as if this is a one-sided issue; lawmakers in Lansing have set out to introduce a package of bills to reform how TIF works in Michigan.

And according to one study from a University of Michigan-Ann Arbor professor, TIF districts could divert as much as $1.2 billion across the entire state for economic development this year. Due to inadequate laws dictating how TIF money is spent, it’s nearly impossible to conclude how effective TIF districts are in Michigan, argues the professor, David Bieri.

“Why do we think that TIFs are a good thing in terms of tax policy if we don’t know how their money is being used?” Bieri told MLive in September. As he put it to MT earlier this year, “Nobody’s asking what we could be using that money for if it got fed back into the general fund.”

The Hits crew diligently observed the legislature during its lame-duck session to see if it would take up any TIF-reform legislation. But nothing was introduced. The Michigan Association of Counties, which supports reform of TIF, indicates new legislation will likely be introduced in 2015. 

We welcome readers to submit letters regarding articles and content in Detroit Metro Times. Letters should be a minimum of 150 words, refer to content that has appeared on Detroit Metro Times, and must include the writer's full name, address, and phone number for verification purposes. No attachments will be considered. Writers of letters selected for publication will be notified via email. Letters may be edited and shortened for space.

Email us at

Support Local Journalism.
Join the Detroit Metro Times Press Club

Local journalism is information. Information is power. And we believe everyone deserves access to accurate independent coverage of their community and state. Our readers helped us continue this coverage in 2020, and we are so grateful for the support.

Help us keep this coverage going in 2021. Whether it's a one-time acknowledgement of this article or an ongoing membership pledge, your support goes to local-based reporting from our small but mighty team.

Join the Metro Times Press Club for as little as $5 a month.