Rashida Tlaib/Courtesy photo
In Michigan's 2016 Democratic presidential primary, progressive, populist candidate Bernie Sanders pulled off a stunning upset over establishment candidate Hillary Clinton.
His win suggested enthusiastic support for economic ideas that are further left than those previously offered by state politicians and the political establishment. It also revealed that the fault lines running through the Democratic Party nationally exist here. In general, the entire party agrees on social issues like citizenship for DREAMers, access to abortion, and equal rights for LGBTQ people. However, the sides split when it comes to economic policies, with centrist Dems fighting for incremental changes to the status quo, and progressives pushing bold policies they say will make a real difference in the lives of the middle class and poor. As we approach the first big Democratic primary since 2016, evidence suggests
— even if centrist newspapers do not
— that these ideas
are even more popular
than they were two years ago.
That includes a state level "Medicare for All," a $15-per-hour minimum wage, free college tuition, universal pre-kindergarten, publicly-funded campaigns, mandated paid sick leave, and so on. Progressive policies more specific to Michigan include ending water shutoffs, eliminating for-profit charter schools,
ending excessive tax breaks for the wealthy, shifting the tax burden from the middle class to the wealthy, and more.
A look through the 2018 Democratic primary races in metro Detroit shows a diverse group of more than two dozen candidates running on such ideas. But with so many people running and so little media coverage devoted to down-ballot races, it can be difficult to determine who are the real progressives.
Not to worry, we've got you covered. We sifted through all the Dem primary races in the State Senate, State House, and Congressional districts and found those who are pushing progressive ideas.
First, a few quick notes on what follows: This is not an endorsement of any candidate. All information was pulled from the candidates’ web pages or questionnaires they filled out for Vote411
, a website by the League of Women Voters Education Fund. Candidates highlighted do not necessarily support all of the aforementioned policies. The guide is meant to function as an introduction to candidates in each race who appear to be more progressive — it’s up to you to dig a little further. If we didn’t mention a race, it’s because there doesn’t appear to be a progressive candidate running.
If you’re unsure of which district you’re in, punch in your address at this page
for help with state races. Punch in your address at this page
to learn which U.S. Congressional district you're in.
The primary is Aug. 7.
U.S. House 9 — Ellen Lipton (Ferndale, Oak Park, Royal Oak, Hazel Park, St.Clair Shores, Warren, Bloomfield, and Sterling Heights.)
Lipton is a patent attorney by vocation, and was a Michigan House rep from 2009 through 2015. She supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage, "Medicare for All,"free community college and vocational training, publicly funded campaigns, a constitutional amendment to overturn Citizens United, and reigning in "some of the excesses of our defense budget.” In the state legislature, Lipton says she opposed efforts to privatize the education system and fought to dissolve the Education Achievement Authority, an ineffective school system created by Gov. Rick Snyder to turn around Detroit's worst-performing schools. Upon leaving her role in the legislature, Lipton founded the Michigan Promise Zone Association, which helps students in areas of high poverty across the state pay for college or vocational school.
U.S. House 11 — Fayrouz Saad (Auburn Hills, Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills, parts of Clawson, Commerce Township, Farmington, Highland Township, Lake Angelus, Lyon, Milford, Northville, Novi, Novi Township, parts of Rochester Hills, South Lyon, Troy, Walled Lake, Waterford, parts of West Bloomfield Township, White Lake, Wixom, Canton, Livonia, Northville, Northville Township, Plymouth, and Plymouth Township.)
Saad supports "Medicare for All," raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour, creating a federal paid family leave law, and making billionaires “pay their fair share.” She’s supported by the left-wing group Justice Democrats. Though she's running on many of the same policies put forth by Sanders in 2016, much of her career has been spent working for establishment Democrats. Saad was a field organizer with John Kerry's presidential campaign in 2004; worked for the Department of Homeland Security under Obama, where, according to her website, she "worked to strengthen community policing efforts in the fight against terrorism”; and became director of Immigrant Affairs under Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan in 2015 in order to “contribute to Detroit's revitalization.”
U.S. House 13 — Rashida Tlaib (Parts of Dearborn Heights, parts of Detroit, Ecorse, Garden City, Highland Park, Inkster, Melvindale, Redford Township, River Rouge, Romulus, Wayne, and Westland.)
Tlaib supports "Medicare for All," a $15-per-hour minimum wage, and tuition-free college and vocational training. She wants to end corporate welfare, saying "We must stop tax giveaways to rich corporations and developers while our schools are crumbling and people are losing their homes,” and overturn Citizens United, because she says “big money has hijacked our politics.” Tlaib represented Michigan’s 12th House District from 2009 through 2015, fighting polluting billionaires and corporations like the Koch brothers, Matty Moroun, and Marathon Oil. She currently serves at the Sugar Law Center for Economic and Social Justice — a nonprofit focused on advancing the rights of working people. Though she had already left the legislature, Tlaib was a vocal critic of the so-called “Gilbert bills”
that gave Michigan’s wealthy developers access to up to $1 billion in tax breaks. She has been endorsed by the Sanders-aligned Justice Democrats, the Democratic Socialists of America, and the Progressive Change Campaign Committee, among other progressive groups.
A poll shows Tlaib in a dead heat with Westland Mayor Bill Wild and Detroit City Council President Brenda Jones, the latter of whom supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage, free college or vocational schooling, and "Medicare or All." But Jones' record as a progressive on city council is mixed. While she voted against steering $35 million in public money to the Pistons’ move
downtown and supported a strong community benefits proposal in 2016
, she recently voted to approve a contract allowing Detroit to continue its water shutoff program for years to come and voted to devote hundreds of millions in public dollars to Dan Gilbert's development projects
, even though Detroit has a much weaker community benefits ordinance
on the books than the proposal she endorsed.
Senate 1 — Stephanie Chang
State Rep. Stephanie Chang.
(Parts of Detroit, Ecorse, Gibraltar, Grosse Ile Township, River Rouge, Riverview, Southgate, Trenton, Woodhaven-Brownstown, and Wyandotte.)
Chang is running for state senate after serving for three years in the Michigan House. She was ranked by Inside Michigan Politics
as the state’s second-most "liberal" representative based on her voting record, and was one of the few Democrat reps to vote against $1 billion in corporate welfare for wealthy developers like Dan Gilbert. Chang was named the League of Conservation Voters 2017 Legislator of the Year in recognition of her work to introduce legislation to address air quality in Southwest Detroit and Downriver. She says she “successfully fought back against legislation that would have given a no-strings-attached tax break to a large polluter.” Chang introduced a bill to track by socioeconomic measures officer involved shootings and use of force complaints. She says she helped lead the development and passage of a bipartisan 24 bill package to protect sexual assault survivors, prevent sexual assault, and improve accountability.
Senate 2 — Abraham Aiyash (Grosse Pointes, Hamtramck, Harper Woods, and Highland Park.)
Aiyash founded an organization that mentors refugee children. He supports universal pre-kindergarten, “increasing per-pupil funding by making the super rich pay their fair share,” tuition-free college for families making less than $150,000 annually, and a $15-per-hour minimum wage. Aiyash argues that instead of offering Amazon a $4 billion tax break, tax money should be used to “build up our small businesses.” He says he’s the only candidate in the Senate 2 race who openly pledged to not take corporate PAC money. He’s calling for more oversight at the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality “to ensure that they protect people and not corporate profits.” He’s calling for an end to mandatory minimum sentencing “to ensure that our criminal justice system focuses on correction and reform and not just punishment.”
Senate 6 — Erika Geiss (Belleville, parts of Brownstown Township, Flat Rock, Huron Township, Rockwood, Romulus, Sumpter Township, Taylor, Van Buren Township, and Westland.)
State Rep. Erika Geiss.
Sate Rep. Erika Geiss currently represents the 12th district. She supports mandated earned paid sick time and family leave; “stronger pregnancy work protections”; universal pre-kindergarten; and reinstating prevailing wage. She says she will work to “eliminate the gender and minority wage gap”; eliminate the pension tax; and repeal Michigan’s "Citizen United" legislation. She says, “We need to level the playing field for all candidates and not allow millionaire special interests to sway elections and misinform districts.” Geiss calls for the expansion of citizen oversight of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality and Michigan Department of Natural Resources. She sponsored HB 4728, a bill to create a nonprofit fund to provide legal assistance to people facing deportation.
Senate 15 — Julia Pulver (Commerce Township, Lyon Towship, Milford Township, Northville, Novi, Novi Township, Orchard Lake, South Lyon, Walled Lake, West Bloomfield Township, White Lake Township, and Wixom.)
Pulver is a nurse who says she supports banning for-profit charter schools, a public health care option, and subsidized childcare for those who qualify for public assistance. Pulver proposes rewarding “companies that offer flexible work schedules, job-sharing, and work-from-home programs to facilitate parents remaining in the workforce”; and creating “high school curriculums around careers in childcare — education, health care, social work, etc.” She says she supports “living wage legislation. I believe that if you are employed full-time you should not need to rely on public assistance to make ends meet.” Pulver also supports lowering the tax rate for individuals, working families, and small businesses.
Senate 18 — Michelle Deatrick (Parts of Ann Arbor, Augusta Township, parts of Lodi Township, Milan, Pittsfield Township, parts of Salem Township, Saline, parts of Scio Township, Superior Township, York Township, and the Ypsilantis.)
Deatrick is vice chair of the Washtenaw County Commission, a writing instructor, and poet. She supports universal pre-kindergarten, “free two-year, and eventually four-year public college,” a progressive income tax, universal health care, and the creation of good-paying, local jobs through infrastructure investment. Deatrick supports increasing the MDNR and MDEQ's staffing, “requiring corporate polluters to pay the full cost of clean up,” “developing and implementing a transition plan to truly clean, renewable energy (wind, solar, and not natural gas),” and banning fracking. Deatrick says access to affordable housing is a "fundamental human right," and proposes granting local governments the right to implement inclusionary zoning. She’s also calling for investment in mass transit, student loan forgiveness, and “protection for immigrants.”
Senate 18 — Jeff Irwin
Jeff Irwin For State Senate
Irwin is a former state representative now running for a seat in the Senate. He supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage and “Medicare for All." He proposes increasing pay for teachers, banning for-profit charter schools, and universal pre-kindergarten. Irwin says he was the first legislator to call for the shutdown of Line 5, and he is calling for the state “to implement just policies for permitting to both protect our environment and ensure that people of color are not facing the brunt of the consequences of climate change.” He says Michigan needs to improve conditions in its prisons, end cash bond, raise the age at which kids can be tried as adults, offer more resources for returning citizens and “must improve the training in cultural competency, mental health, and violence de-escalation that all police officers receive.”
House 2 — Willie Bell (Parts of Detroit, Grosse Pointe, Grosse Pointe Farms, and Grosse Pointe Park.)
Bell is a retired police lieutenant at the Detroit Police Department and chair of the Detroit Board of Police Commissioners. He supports "Medicare for All," halting water shutoffs, and closing the funding gap between poor, inner-city school districts and wealthier districts. Bell says he supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage; public funding for campaigns; “reducing the individual and PAC contribution limits;” the restoration of voting rights for returning citizens, same-day voter registration, and early voting expansion. He says “promoting social and racial justice has been the work of my life. It is why I joined the police department and formed and lead several organizations that have addressed this issue. ... As a person of color, and more specifically an African-American male, I know the damage being done daily to people who look like me and others.”
Critics point out that Bell has received the endorsement and a $250 contribution from the DeVos-backed group, the Great Lakes Education Project.
He was quiet on the issue of charter schools in the questionnaire reviewed by Metro Times
. In a follow-up email, he expressed his support for them, saying "there is a lot of work to be done" with public schools and that "there must be other options because our children cannot wait."
House 4 — Michele Oberholtzer (Parts of Detroit and Hamtramck.)
Noah Elliott Morrison
Oberholtzer is a housing activist who works as the program director for the Tax Foreclosure Prevention Project at the United Community Housing Coalition. She supports single-payer health care and a $15-per-hour minimum wage. She proposes a water affordability plan establishing water as a human right and “ensuring reasonable rates to meet basic needs like drinking, bathing, and cooking.” She proposes cutting “the flow of funding and support for for-profit and charter schools,” and “reducing reliance on expensive and ineffective standardized testing.” Oberholtzer proposes removing school closure mandates based on performance, and capping post-secondary tuition for any school that receives public funding.
House 6 — Tom Choske (Parts of Detroit, Ecorse, and River Rouge.)
Choske proposes fixing infrastructure by raising money through a progressive state income tax and “ending wasteful corporate handouts.” He supports banning for-profit charters and working “aggressively to close underperforming locations.” Choske supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage and is for the elimination of Right to Work. He says water is a right and he will “fight for water affordability.” He supports “Ban the Box” legislation and raising the age at which kids are automatically tried as adults. He supports “diversionary programs like mental health and drug treatment courts to help those who are sick, and not criminalize them.”
House 6 — Samantha Magdaleno (Parts of Detroit, Ecorse, and River Rouge.)
Magdaleno has a long history as a grassroots community organizer and supports raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour, automatic voter registration at age 18, "Medicare for All" similar to gubernatorial candidate Abdul El-Sayed's MichCare proposal
, and "driver's licenses for all, including undocumented immigrants.” Magdaleno says, "What stands me above the majority of so-called ‘progressives’ is I will be fearless and unapologetic at pushing a strong progressive agenda/policy, even if the old Democratic guard stands in the way. I will defend fiercely against any anti-immigrant legislation and push for strong pro-immigrant
olicies like a statewide sanctuary law that prohibits all government agencies from cooperating with federal immigration agencies.”
House 8 — Fatou-Seydi Sarr (Parts of Detroit.)
Sarr bills herself as a “mother, social justice advocate and human rights activist in the Detroit metropolitan immigrant community.” She is the founder and executive director of the African Bureau for Immigration and Social Affairs, a nonprofit that helps African and black immigrants in metro Detroit to know their rights, access resources, and become invested and civically engaged. She supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage, "Medicare for All," water affordability, and developing a Detroit municipal identification.
House 12 — Alexandria Taylor (Romulus, Taylor, and parts of Van Buren Township.)
Taylor is a defense attorney who supports closing the funding gap among poor inner-city schools and wealthier districts; eliminating public funding for charter schools; and establishing publicly funded campaigns. She says, "Our politicians are bought and sold before they ever step foot in office. They are indebted to corporate interests and not in a position to represent the community." Taylor proposes "massive" criminal justice system reform, including eliminating mandatory minimums that "have led to many accepting a plea to crimes they did not commit and serving time in prison that is disproportionate to the crime. Discretion is taken away from judges and decisions away from juries." Taylor also says the court-appointed counsel process must be reformed as it is plea-based and “many defendants are foregoing their constitutional right to a trial because they are bullied into a plea by an overzealous court-appointed attorney with too many cases.”
House 12 — Alex Garza (Romulus, Taylor, and parts of Van Buren Township.)
Garza worked for three years as a legislative aide to State Rep. Stephanie Chang and has served on the Taylor City Council since 2013. He supports a state-level single-payer health care system/"Medicare for All," would consider public funding of elections to curb corporate influence, and says he supports “promoting policies that shed light on campaign funding.”
House 15 — Abdullah Hammoud (Parts of Dearborn.)
State Rep. Abdullah Hammoud.
Hammoud is the incumbent and was named by Inside Michigan Politics
as one of Michigan's most "liberal" representatives based on his voting record. He supports a single-payer health care system; capping doctor visits to a maximum of $5 out-of-pocket; and "transparency from pharmaceutical companies." He supports universal pre-kindergarten and "a graduated income tax system where 98 percent of families would realize a tax reduction." Hammoud says corporations should be held accountable and "tax dollars should be used to create jobs, not line CEO pockets." He proposes retaining Michigan college graduates with student loan forgiveness.
House 16 — Mike McDermott (Wayne and parts of Westland.)
McDermott supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage, guaranteed overtime pay, pay equity for women, mandatory paid sick leave and vacation, job creation through infrastructure and green job investment, and creation of "a middle class tax code with a graduated income tax so the rich pay their fair share." He notes that economic and tax incentives are too often given to big corporations. McDermott supports closing the school funding gap, increasing teacher pay, creating universal pre-kindergarten, banning for-profit schooling, and treat drug addiction as a health problem. On his campaign website
, McDermott offers very detailed ideas and policies that would benefit the middle class and poor.
House 19 — Laurie Pohutsky (Parts of Livonia.)
Pohutsky is a research associate at a biotechnology startup. She supports a state-funded "Medicare for All"-style program that would be paid for by "implementing a progressive, graduated income tax that requires the state’s top one percent to pay their fair share without overburdening the working class" and “eliminating profit-driven inefficiencies.” She supports universal pre-kindergarten and cutting off public funding for charter schools.
House 26 — Jim Ellison (Madison Heights and Royal Oak.)
Ellison is the incumbent who supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage, universal pre-kindergarten, ending “senseless tax breaks” and “raids on K-12 education funding.” He says, “We have to get corporate money out of our politics and reduce the influence of PACs on our government. The doubling of contribution limits and the insurgence of unlimited dark money has given a handful of very wealthy residents a firm grip on our state and federal government.”
House 27 — Robert Wittenberg (Berkley, Ferndale, Hazel Park, Huntington Woods, Oak Park, Pleasant Ridge, and Royal Oak Township.)
State Rep. Robert Wittenberg.
Wittenberg is the incumbent who says he is working on legislation to move Michigan to a public funding model for elections and limit the amount of money in politics. He says he sponsored legislation to implement a state-run universal retirement program for employees who don't have an option through their employer. Wittenberg says he is working to implement a graduated income tax in Michigan that would cut taxes for 94 percent of taxpayers and generate $1.2 billion of new revenue annually. He supports making Election Day a holiday, automatic voter registration, and prohibiting water shutoffs in low-income communities. Inside Michigan Politics
in 2018 named Wittenberg one of the State House’s most "liberal" reps based on his voting record.
House 31 — Paul Manley (Parts of Clinton Township, Fraser, and Mount Clemens.)
Manley notes that unemployment is low but “the rate of pay has not increased to reflect the cost of living, or the increase in job growth. With increases in [the cost of] gas, food, and utilities, it is no wonder the people of Michigan feel left out. We need to increase the minimum wage to $15-per-hour, and have it adjusted yearly to properly reflect the cost of living.” He says candidates should not be allowed to put more than $100,000 into their own campaign as “wealth should not be a reason to hold office.” He proposes a one-week voting period. Manley supports universal pre-kindergarten and increasing taxes on the wealthy to help adequately fund schools. He adds that, “by using our lottery monies the way it was marketed, ‘for education,’ we can afford a four-year degree for anyone who wants to pursue a higher education.” He says the state should pay for college for anyone who finishes high school with 3.0 or above.
House 35 — Katie Reiter (Lathrup Village, Southfield, and Southfield Township.)
Reiter is a business owner who supports "Medicare for All," a $15-per-hour minimum wage, restoring proper revenue sharing with local municipalities, and repealing the pension tax. She supports developing a more progressive income tax, “which will make our tax system more fair, forcing corporations and the rich to pay their fair share. This tax system will lower the state income tax for 92% of Michiganders while generating over $1 billion in new revenue for our state.”
House 35 — Alex Meyers (Lathrup Village, Southfield, and Southfield Township.)
Meyers is a church musician at Northwest Unitarian Universalist Church who supports universal pre-kindergarten, and giving tax breaks to small businesses instead of large businesses, “which results in little gains for the community.” He supports raising the minimum wage to $15-per-hour, a state jobs guarantee, establishing publicly funded elections, and a ban on lobbying jobs for a three- to five-year period after serving in the legislature. Meyers supports automatic voter registration, same-day voter registration, no-reason absentee voting, and making Election Day a statewide holiday.
House 40 — Nicole Bedi (Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, and parts of West Bloomfield Township.)
Bedi is a dietician who supports universal pre-kindergarten, closing the school funding gap among poor and wealthy districts, and tuition-free two-year college or a trade school equivalent. She supports the elimination of dark money, decreasing PAC contributions, same-day voter registration, vote by mail, and online voter registration. She notes that stagnant wages “make many Michiganders feel left out. For our economy to continue to rebound we must raise wages.” She proposes mandatory paid sick leave, paid family/maternity leave, and increasing access to childcare. Bedi was defeated by a 6-point margin in her bid for this seat in 2016.
House 40 — Mari Manoogian (Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, and parts of West Bloomfield Township.)
Manoogian is a foreign policy professional who is proposing transitioning for-profit charter schools to nonprofits. She supports creating a “living wage,” narrowing the racial and gender pay gap, paid sick leave, and paid family leave. She says, “I also support prioritizing Michigan small businesses over large multinational corporations for tax credits.” She supports eliminating dark money and relying on scientists and public servants at the MDEQ and MDNR, “not corporate polluters and CEOs who have a financial interest in how the rules are made.” Manoogian supports criminal justice reform, “including removing the profit motive from our correctional facilities.”
House 53 — Yousef Rabhi (Parts of Ann Arbor and portions of Ann Arbor, Pittsfield, and Scio townships.) Inside Michigan Politics
named Rabhi — who is running unopposed in the primary — the most "liberal" State House member in 2018, which it based on his voting record. Earlier this year, Rabhi introduced legislation for a state-level single payer health system
. He was one of few Dems to oppose bills
that provided $1 billion in tax money to Dan Gilbert and other wealthy developers. Rabhi supports better pay for teachers and eliminating funding for for-profit charters. He is also one of few candidates to mention the need to address issues around environmental justice.
Governor — Abdul El-Sayed
You've likely heard a lot about him by now. You can read El-Sayed's policy proposals here
. You can see how he stacks up against his competitors here
This post was updated at 1:40 p.m. on July 27 to reflect that Willie Bell received the endorsement of a DeVos-backed education group.
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