Rep. Yousef Rabhi (D-Ann Arbor) unveils his plan to provide universal health coverage for Michiganders.
The rise of and energy around progressives like Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Stacey Abrams, Rashida Tlaib, and Ilhan Omar is frightening to Republicans and some centrist Dems. And the natural first line of defense for conservatives and some Democrats is to claim that progressive ideas can't win in the Midwest, as Democrat Illinois Sen. Tammy Duckworth
did when she said "I don't think that you can go too far to the left and still win the Midwest," in reference to the 2020 presidential race.
But they could be wrong.
The 2018 midterm marked the first major test for progressives since 2016, and our assessment found those candidates did well in Michigan.
Prior to the state's Aug. 7 primary, Metro Times looked at
all the campaigns of Democratic candidates in southeast Michigan running for the U.S. House, state House, and state Senate. We identified those who support policies like ending water shutoffs, ending excessive tax breaks for the wealthy, "Medicare for All," a $15-per-hour minimum wage, free college tuition, publicly-funded campaigns, mandated paid sick leave, and more — in short, the type of bold policies that will make a real difference in the lives of the working class and poor.
The 26 candidates we identified ran in 19 primary races, and progressives won in 11 of the 19. On Tuesday, 10 of the 11 candidates won their general elections. Only Julia Pulver — who lost by a slim 51-48 margin in a red district that includes conservative cities like Novi and South Lyon — lost. Many of the candidates are in safe blue districts, but some, like Laurie Pohutsky in Republican-leaning Livonia, faced a tougher challenge.
One Democrat who spoke with Metro Times
argued that ideas like a $15-per-hour minimum wage or Medicare For All are now mainstream Democratic positions. While these ideas — that the party's left wing introduced — are gaining more traction, there are still very few Democrats, especially at the state level, actively pushing for them. And when it comes to local issues like charter schools, many Dems are calling for vague limits, but fewer are clearly calling for outright bans or fully cutting off funding. Those are the folks we included.
So who's going to try to ensure our schools aren't privatized, we all get paid a decent wage, and we all have health insurance? These are the Michigan candidates who won on Tuesday who will lead those charges.
— U.S. House 13
(Parts of Dearborn Heights, parts of Detroit, Ecorse, Garden City, Highland Park, Inkster, Melvindale, Redford Township, River Rouge, Romulus, Wayne, and Westland.)
Tlaib supports "Medicare for All," a $15-per-hour minimum wage, and tuition-free college and vocational training. She wants to end corporate welfare, saying "We must stop tax giveaways to rich corporations and developers while our schools are crumbling and people are losing their homes.” She also intends to overturn Citizens United because she says “big money has hijacked our politics.”
Tlaib represented Michigan’s 12th House District from 2009 through 2015, fighting polluting billionaires and corporations like the Koch brothers, Matty Moroun, and Marathon Oil. She currently serves at the Sugar Law Center for Economic and Social Justice — a nonprofit focused on advancing the rights of working people. Though she had already left the legislature, Tlaib was a vocal critic of the so-called “Gilbert bills” that gave Michigan’s wealthy developers access to up to $1 billion in tax breaks. She has been endorsed by the Sanders-aligned Justice Democrats, the Democratic Socialists of America, and the Progressive Change Campaign Committee, among other progressive groups.
— Senate 1
(Parts of Detroit, Ecorse, Gibraltar, Grosse Ile Township, River Rouge, Riverview, Southgate, Trenton, Woodhaven-Brownstown, and Wyandotte.)
Chang is running for state Senate after serving for three years in the Michigan House. She was ranked by Inside Michigan Politics as the state’s second-most "liberal" representative based on her voting record and was one of the few Democrat reps to vote against $1 billion in corporate welfare for wealthy developers like Dan Gilbert. Chang was named the League of Conservation Voters 2017 Legislator of the Year in recognition of her work to introduce legislation to address air quality in Southwest Detroit and Downriver. She says she “successfully fought back against legislation that would have given a no-strings-attached tax break to a large polluter.” Chang also introduced a bill to track via socioeconomic measures officer-involved shootings and use of force complaints. She says she helped lead the development and passage of a bipartisan 24 bill package to protect sexual assault survivors, prevent sexual assault, and improve accountability.
— (Incumbent) Senate 6
(Belleville, parts of Brownstown Township, Flat Rock, Huron Township, Rockwood, Romulus, Sumpter Township, Taylor, Van Buren Township, and Westland.)
State Rep. Erika Geiss currently represents the 12th district. She supports mandated earned paid sick time and family leave; “stronger pregnancy work protections”; universal pre-kindergarten; and reinstating prevailing wage. She says she will work to “eliminate the gender and minority wage gap”; eliminate the pension tax, and repeal Michigan’s "Citizen United" legislation. She says, “We need to level the playing field for all candidates and not allow millionaire special interests to sway elections and misinform districts.” Geiss calls for the expansion of citizen oversight of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality and Michigan Department of Natural Resources. She sponsored HB 4728, a bill to create a nonprofit fund to provide legal assistance to people facing deportation.
— Senate 18
(Parts of Ann Arbor, Augusta Township, parts of Lodi Township, Milan, Pittsfield Township, parts of Salem Township, Saline, parts of Scio Township, Superior Township, York Township, and the Ypsilanti.)
Irwin is a former state representative now running for a seat in the Senate. He supports a $15-per-hour minimum wage and “Medicare for All." He proposes increasing pay for teachers, banning for-profit charter schools, and universal pre-kindergarten. Irwin says he was the first legislator to call for the shutdown of Line 5, and he is calling for the state “to implement just policies for permitting to both protect our environment and ensure that people of color are not facing the brunt of the consequences of climate change.” He says Michigan needs to improve conditions in its prisons, end cash bond, raise the age at which kids can be tried as adults, offer more resources for returning citizens and “must improve the training in cultural competency, mental health, and violence de-escalation that all police officers receive.”
— House 12
(Romulus, Taylor, and parts of Van Buren Township.)
Garza worked for three years as a legislative aide to State Rep. Stephanie Chang and has served on the Taylor City Council since 2013. He supports a state-level single-payer health care system/"Medicare for All," would consider public funding of elections to curb corporate influence, and says he supports “promoting policies that shed light on campaign funding.”
— (Incumbent) House 15
(Parts of Dearborn.)
Hammoud is the incumbent and was named by Inside Michigan Politics as one of Michigan's most "liberal" representatives based on his voting record. He supports a single-payer health care system; capping doctor visits to a maximum of $5 out-of-pocket; and "transparency from pharmaceutical companies." He supports universal pre-kindergarten and "a graduated income tax system where 98 percent of families would realize a tax reduction." Hammoud says corporations should be held accountable and "tax dollars should be used to create jobs, not line CEO pockets." He proposes retaining Michigan college graduates with student loan forgiveness.
— House 19
(Parts of Livonia.)
Pohutsky is a research associate at a biotechnology startup. She supports a state-funded "Medicare for All" style program that would be paid for by "implementing a progressive, graduated income tax that requires the state’s top one percent to pay their fair share without overburdening the working class" and “eliminating profit-driven inefficiencies.” She supports universal pre-kindergarten and cutting off public funding for charter schools.
— (Incumbent) House 27
(Berkley, Ferndale, Hazel Park, Huntington Woods, Oak Park, Pleasant Ridge, and Royal Oak Township.)
Wittenberg is the incumbent who says he is working on legislation to move Michigan to a public funding model for elections and limit the amount of money in politics. He says he sponsored legislation to implement a state-run universal retirement program for employees who don't have an option through their employer. Wittenberg says he is working to implement a graduated income tax in Michigan that would cut taxes for 94 percent of taxpayers and generate $1.2 billion of new revenue annually. He supports making Election Day a holiday, automatic voter registration, and prohibiting water shutoffs in low-income communities. Inside Michigan Politics in 2018 named Wittenberg one of the State House’s most "liberal" reps based on his voting record.
— House 40
(Birmingham, Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, and parts of West Bloomfield Township.)
Manoogian is a foreign policy professional who is proposing transitioning for-profit charter schools to nonprofits. She supports creating a “living wage,” narrowing the racial and gender pay gap, paid sick leave, and paid family leave. She says, “I also support prioritizing Michigan small businesses over large multinational corporations for tax credits.” She supports eliminating dark money and relying on scientists and public servants at the MDEQ and MDNR, “not corporate polluters and CEOs who have a financial interest in how the rules are made.” Manoogian supports criminal justice reform, “including removing the profit motive from our correctional facilities.”
— (Incumbent) House 53
(Parts of Ann Arbor and portions of Ann Arbor, Pittsfield, and Scio townships.)
Inside Michigan Politics named Rabhi — who is running unopposed in the primary — the most "liberal" State House member in 2018, which is based on his voting record. Earlier this year, Rabhi introduced legislation for a state-level single payer health system. He was one of few Dems to oppose bills that provided $1 billion in tax money to Dan Gilbert and other wealthy developers. Rabhi supports better pay for teachers and eliminating funding for for-profit charters. He is also one of few candidates to mention the need to address issues around environmental justice.
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