Did Netflix use fake Twitter accounts to make 'Bird Box' memes? Is anything on the internet real?

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Sandra Bullock in Bird Box. - SCREENGRAB
  • Screengrab
  • Sandra Bullock in Bird Box.

By now you've probably figured out that Bird Box is not some sort of monthly mail-order subscription service but rather one of the most talked about Netflix releases of the year — thanks, in part, to a recent flurry of memes.

Based on the novel by Michigan author Josh Malerman, the film version of Bird Box blindsided audiences with its apocalyptic story of an unseen monster that drives people mad. Though it premiered on Dec. 13, the Twittersphere seemed to grab ahold of the psychological thriller over the holiday weekend, helping propel awareness of the film by turning it into some of the most fire memes of the year.

But shortly after the Bird Box meme storm hit Twitter, a video surfaced showing a user clicking through personal accounts of those who posted the now-widely circulated Bird Box memes, showing many of them had low tweet and follower counts. The implication of the video, which itself has since gone viral, is that Netflix was buying bots, or fake Twitter users, to promote its movie.


Naturally, the people of Twitter responded.


Writer Max Read was also quick to chime in, following the publication of his timely article in New York Magazine this week titled, "How Much of the Internet Is Fake? Turns Out, a Lot of It, Actually."


In his story, Read cites a New York Times report published earlier this year about social media bots, in which it had been estimated that "less than 60 percent of web traffic is human." In other words, upwards of 40 percent of internet activity is likely to be the activity of bots posing as humans. Read refers to this moment of time as "the Inversion": thanks to the confusing landscape of social media, we have reached a point that we are no longer able to distinguish between who on social media is real and who is fake.

So are these Bird Box meme-posting Twitter users real or bots? In a follow-up tweet, Read points out that the accounts featured in the video have been active for months, actively post on their accounts, and appear to have zero Netflix affiliations. 

"There are presumably real people behind them who 'authentically' enjoyed the movie Bird Box, hard as that might be to believe," Read tweets, going on to say that the "hastily edited video" circulated to tear down the authenticity of the memes could itself be "arguably 'faker' than any of the accounts it's calling out."

So they could be real people acting like fake bots. Or they could be fake bots acting like real people. It's impossible to tell. That's the Inversion for you.

While there is no evidence (yet) that Netflix purchased bots to promote its movie, one curious thing to note is the custom Twitter emoji that is paired with the Bird Box hashtag on Twitter. The emoji — a little yellow guy sporting a blindfold, much like Sandra Bullock's character in the film — cannot be found in your latest iOS update or special keyboard download. It's actually one of Twitter's "branded emojis": the feature, offered for a hefty $1 million-plus price tag, allows brands to purchase emojis to help their social media presence stand out. So it appears, at least, that Netflix was very interested in promoting Bird Box on Twitter.

The whole long and winding rabbit hole gets even more confusing and meta when you consider that some have read the film's monster is a metaphor for the evils of social media itself. Then consider that in the movie, birds serve as a sort of warning system to the monster, twittering when its unseen presence is near. Then consider the fact that the logo for the social media platform that Netflix may or may not have hijacked to promote Bird Box is a bird and... holy crap do we need a joint.

Another uncanny connection: The 1982 sci-fi film Blade Runner — in which Harrison Ford's Agent Rick Deckard hunts down Replicants, or synthetic humans that are so lifelike that they are almost impossible to tell apart from real humans — takes place in the year 2019.

So in a sense, this case of bots imitating humans is life imitating art. Now, we are all forced to be our own Blade Runner, and it is up to us to discern for ourselves what on the internet is real and what is fake.

Question everything.

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